Distance Learning History

Distance learning dates back more than 100 years to Europe, Africa, and Asia, where open universities offered external degrees. In Australia, the University of Queensland offered an external degree program as early as the 1890’s. Today, higher education institutions in Australia incorporate distance learning into many of their programs, making Australia a leader in distance education worldwide. Many students use scholarship awards and grants to pay for distance learning classes.

The well-known British Open University began in 1971 and now serves more than 200,000 undergraduate and graduate students worldwide. It is one of the largest distance learning schools in the world and is ranked among the top ten universities in the United Kingdom. At a speech in Ankara, Turkey, Sir John Daniel, the Vice Chancellor of the Open University, reported that his research had discovered eleven distance learning “mega-universities” around the world with more than 100,000 students each.

Anadolu University in Turkey was the largest university in the world when measured by the number of degree-level students of 570,000. The China TV University System is a close second with more than 550,000 degree-level students in its distance learning programs. Canada is a world leader in distance education.

Because of its vast expanse and sparsely populated areas, nearly all provinces have developed various media to bring university programs to remote areas that might not otherwise have access to a university education. In addition to the distance learning programs offered by conventional universities, Alberta, British Columbia, and Quebec have each developed an open university based on the British model.

They have liberal admission policies and use home study, television, teleconferencing, printed materials audiotapes, and videotapes, among other delivery methods.Distance learning in the United States began in the late nineteenth century with correspondence courses, such as the on offered by Isaac Pitman in 1840 to teach his system of shorthand. Columbia University and other colleges offered radio courses in the 1920s and 1930s and televised courses in the 1960s. Since 1890, about 100 million Americans have taken courses at a distance, including well-known people such as Franklin D. Roosevelt, Walter P. Chrysler, Walter Cronkite, Barry Goldwater, and Charles Schulz.The first exclusively distance degree program in the United States was developed by the University of the State of New York in 1970. Ewald B. Nyquist suggested the formation of the Regents External Degree Program sponsored by the university’s Board of Regents.

That program has awarded more than 56,000 degrees and was known as Regents College until changing its name to Excelsior College. In early 1998, Excelsior College became chartered as an independent member institution with the University of the State of New York.Today, technology-based distance education has emerged as an increasingly important component of higher education in the United States.

Many states have developed innovative distance learning programs that are on the cutting edge of technology. One good example is the Western Governors University. Formed by the governors of the states in the western United States, WGU is a “virtual university” with no campus and a heavy reliance on technology. It brings the resources of numerous colleges, universities, corporations, and other organizations together to provide degrees and certificates to students around the world.

The web has given us numerous gifts all through the years – from music  and video game codes to not so G-rated material. Thus, it truly is no  surprise that e-learning has produced such a huge splash within the  internet globe. Inside the past ten years, on the internet education and  world wide web training has supplied numerous people today using a new  incentive to discover.

Throughout the early 80′s, e-training was just beginning to turn out to  be a possible creation. Firms and educational institutes had been  strictly hiring instructors to train their students. This was simply  because computers had been only beginning to grow, consequently creating  it challenging to come up with any other program. These instructors had  been wonderful in the time due to the fact it allowed training to be  quite hands on, specifically due to the fact students had been in a  position to interact with their classmates and visually see the lessons.  Nevertheless, the issue with getting just instructors was that there  was a great deal of blank time in among. Students had been not getting  in a position to understand the material on their very own time,  therefore difficulty set in when training with hoards of other men and  women.

Luckily, as the laptop or computer market began to expand, e-training  was becoming a reality. For the subsequent ten years, multimedia was at  everyone’s fingertips. Firms had been just beginning to make use of  PowerPoint; a program that allowed folks to make visually enhanced  presentations. Video games along with other multimedia programs had been  also popping up, therefore resulting in a technologies overhaul. As  these advances continued, on the internet education was only a step  away.The very first style of on the web education was within the mid 1990′s.

This was when the web was an awesome good results, and multimedia was  becoming taken to an additional level. The very first couple of  e-training organizations devoted their services to primarily  organizations who didn’t would like to hire trainers. Despite the fact  that the on-line education courses had been terrific for new workers who  necessary training, it was only the beginning of an uphill approach.  Education on-line was extremely slow, as photos had been modest along  with the whole course was text based. Nevertheless, it was beginning to  catch the eye of several.

As the 1990′s promptly ended, the millennium marked an entirely new  period for technologies. E-learning was lastly on the map as on-line  education courses had been now really well-liked at colleges and  organizations. Wonderful streaming media, on the web video access, and  quickly internet web page servers created it doable for on-line  education to create very a splash. Students had been also now in a  position to find out from their properties in the course of their very  own time, due to the fact working a job and going to school was fairly a  tough job.Nowadays, on the web education has come a lengthy way.

Instructors are  now becoming hired to solely teach on the net, which generally consists  of becoming filmed for lesson videos. Businesses are also hiring these  on the net education programs, because a training session can not simply  be fast, but also be accessed at any time with the day or night. For  quite a few, it truly is an awesome chance since it provides us all much  more expertise. We not simply are in a position to get college degrees  by way of this sort of e-learning, but we also can have a life, without  having getting to remain in the workplace overnight just to find out  some material.